In 2008, Barack Obama was elected the 44th President of the United States, defeating John McCain. Mitt Romney was widely seen as the next Nominee for the Republican Party since he received second place in the Republican Primarily. Mitt Romney was slowly building up for what appeared to be a 2012 Presidential run. Meanwhile, Barrack Obama signed the Affordable Care Act, which allowed Government-assured Health Insurance. This generated some controversy as Republicans were against it. During the President's first years in office, he failed to complete his campaign promises such as closing Guantanamo Bay. Additionally, President George Bush left office with the country 11.3 Trillion Dollars in debt, over the course of Obama's first few years, that debt rose to around 16 Trillion. The Economy was also steadily improving, but it was not seen as fast enough. As a result of voter frustration, Democrats lost the House of Representatives, but retained control of the Senate. This sparked debates about The Nation's Fiscal Cliff, Debut Ceiling, Sequestration and other Domestic issues. On April 4th, 2011, Barrack Obama announced that he would seek a Second Term. Many Republicans, including Mitt Romney, entered the Republican Primary Race to decide the best candidate to face President Obama in the General Election.
2012 Democratic PrimariesEdit
As an Incumbent President, Barrack Obama was able ward off any serious challengers. But several Presidential Candidates entered the Primaries to challenge the President. Barrack Obama won a vast majority of delegates, more then enough to re-nominated by his party at The Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, North Carolina on September 4th, 2011.
The following people where candidates in the 2012 Democratic Primaries and won the following amount of delegates (2778 Delegates needed)
President Barrack Obama of Illinois - 3,166 Delegates
Presidential Candidate and Prisoner Keith Russell Judd of Texas - 1 Delegate
Pro-life Activist Randall Terry of West Virginia - 7 Delegates
Blogger Darcy Richardson of Florida - 0 Delegates
Presidential Candidate and 2010 Nominee for Senate Jim Rogers of Oklahoma - 3 Delegates
Performance Artist Vermin Supreme of Massachusetts - 0 Delegates
Attorney and Presidential Candidate John Wolfe Jr. of Tennessee - 23 Delegates
Barrack Obama won every Primary and Caucus by large margins.
2012 Republican PrimariesEdit
The Republican Primarily was more divided since they were not the Incumbent Party. Several Candidates entered the race to challenge President Obama in the General Election and received the following amount of delegates ( 1,144 Delegates needed)
Candidate in The 2008 Election and Former Governor of Massachusetts Mitt Romney - 1,462 Delegates
U.S Representative of Texas Ron Paul - 154 Delegates
Former Speaker of The House Newt Gingrich of Georgia - 137 Delegates
Former U.S Senator of Pennsylvania Rick Santorum -234 Delegates
Former Governor of Louisiana Buddy Roemer - 0 Delegates
Governor Rick Perry of Texas - 0 Delegates
Former Ambassador and Governor John Huntsman Jr. of Utah- 0 Delegates
U.S. Congresswoman of Minnesota's sixth district Michele Bachmann- 0 Delegates
Former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson - 0 Delegates
Businessman Herman Cain of Georgia - 0 Delegates
U.S Representative Thaddeus McCotter - 0 Delegates
Former Governor of Minnesota Tim Pawlenty- 0 Delegates
Mitt Romney announced that on April 11th, 2011, he would run for President again, however he faced stiff competition. Never the less, he was seen as the front-runner early on. 13 debates took place in the Primaries. Tim Pawlenty and Thaddeus McCotter were not included and dropped out early of the race. Mitt Romney continued to lead until Rick Perry and Michelle Bachmann entered the race as they were widely seen as "Anti-Romeny" Candidates. Support for Perry and Bachmann waxed and against Mitt Romney, but several poor debate performances hurt Perry, such as his "Oops" Moment during one of the debates, and Bachmann's supporters abandoned her to go to the other candidates. Herman Cain had a brief surge in the polls, but the media uncovered several Sex Scandals resulting in Cain dropping out of the race. At some point during the race, Gary Johnson and Buddy Roemer dropped out to seek the nomination of other parties leaving the only candidates to challenge Romney were Ron Paul, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum.
The Iowa Caucus was the first of many statewide primaries to decide the Nominee. Everyone thought that Mitt Romney had won, however, Rick Santorum won a narrow victory in Iowa. In The New Hampshire Primary, Mitt Romney easily won. However, during this time, Newt Gingrich experienced a surge in the polls, and ended up winning South Carolina by a large margin. Mitt Romney won The Florida and Nevada primaries. Rick Santorum secured wins in Colorado, Missouri and Minnesota. Romney went on to win Maine, Arizona, Michigan, Wyoming and Washington Primaries, putting him in the lead by March with 155 delegates.
On Super Tuesday, several Primaries and Caucuses were at stake. Mitt Romney won 6 of those contests, Santorum won 3, and Gingrich won one state, his home state of Georgia. By Mid-March, Romney was far ahead in the delegate count.
Deciding The Republican NomineeEditIn April and May, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum dropped out of the race, leaving Ron Paul as the only challenger. By that point, Mitt Romney was declared as the Party's Presumptive Nominee. On May 29th, Mitt Romney won the Texas Primary, winning him the Nomination. Ron Paul attempted to focus on State Conventions to win him as much Delegates as possible, but Romney was still able to clinch the Nomination. On August 28th, 2012, at The Republican National Convention in Tampa, Florida, Mitt Romney was crowned as the Party's Nominee to face President Barack Obama. At the convention, Mitt Romney formally picked U.S Representative of Wisconsin's first district Paul Ryan as his running mate.
The 2012 Presidential Election broke numerous records in Fundraising, Campaign Spending and Negative Ads along with the newly formed Super PAC's
Early in the race, President Obama launched negative ads against Mitt Romney portraying him as a wealthy job destroyer and out-of-touch from the mainstream of the country. The Romney campaign launched there own Negative Ads at Obama for failing to improve the economy, welfare waivers and allowing China to practice unfair business. Additionally, Romney started leading the polls with the help of his strong primary performances. Throughout the spring and summer, the polls remained extremely tight. In April, Obama announced his support for same-sex marriage, and also publishing a story about how Romney bullied a kid in High School that he perceived as "gay". In May, at a fundraiser event Romney said that 47% of the nation was dependent on Obama and if he were elected, he would not help them. This hurt Romney. During the spring, Obama campaigned in Virginia and had a speech summarizing that small business relied on the Government for success, so technically they didn't "build that" a main theme at the RNC was " We Built That". After the conventions, Obama lead in every poll by comfortable margins and up to the first debate.
The First Presidential DebateEdit
The First Presidential Debate was held on October 3rd, 2012 at the University of Denver in Colorado. The moderator of the debate was Jim Lehrer of PBS. The debate was held between President Obama and Mitt Romney. More than 67 million people watched the first debate, making it the most watched debate in over 32 years. Most people and pundits thought that Mitt Romney won the First Debate, and Romney's Campaign was able to gain traction heading into the final weeks of the election.
The Vice Presidential DebateEdit
The only debate for the Vice Presidential Candidates was held on October 11th, 2012 at Kentucky's Center College. The Moderator was Martha Raddatz of ABC. The debate was held between Vice President Joe Biden and Congressman Paul Ryan. Vice President Biden attempted to put up a feisty and emotional response in order to gain some momentum back for Obama. Biden also laughed and smirked when Ryan gave his responses. A census of voters said that debate was overall a tie.
The Second Presidental DebateEdit
The Second Presidential Debate was held on October 16th, 2012 at Hofstra University at Long Island, New York. Unlike the First Debate, it was more formal and conducted in a town hall format. The Moderator was Candy Crowley of CNN. The following questions were asked to the Candidates:
- To Romney, from a college student concerned about not being able to support himself after graduation
- To Obama, on the role of the Secretary of Energy in reducing gasoline prices
- To Romney, on his tax rate reduction plan and the potential of restricting or eliminating deductions and credits as a result
- To Obama, on inequalities between men and women in the workplace, specifically women earning less than men for the same work
- To Romney, on the differences between him and former President George W. Bush
- To Obama, on what he has done or accomplished to earn the questioner's vote in 2012
- To Romney, on his plans for immigrants without permanent residency in the U.S
- To Obama, on who denied enhanced security prior to the attack on the U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi
- To Obama, on his accomplishments in reducing availability of assault weapons
- To Romney, on outsourcing and his plans on obtaining and retaining jobs in the United States
- To Romney, on the biggest misconceptions about him
Most Voters believed that Obama had a much more stronger performance then his first one, and Commentators criticized Romney for being agitated and angry. The debate was also known for it's sharp exchanges. Most people believed Obama won the Second Debate.
The Third DebateEdit
The Third and Final Presidential Debate between Obama and Romney was held on October 22, 2012 at Lynn University in Florida. The Moderator was Bob Schieffer of CBS. Unlike the previous two debates, The debate focused on Foreign Policy. Most people and pundits thought Obama won the Final Debate.
Battleground States And DistrictsEdit
Throughout the election, the several swing states and congressional districts which were intensely campaigned by both Obama and Romney. The following list below is a list of States that were below the 10% margin of victory.
2. North Carolina
7. New Hampshire
11. Nebraska's 2nd Congressional District
14. Maine's 2nd Congressional District
Obama won most of the swing states, which gave him the election.